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US Navy Light Cruisers 1941-45, Mark Stille .Covers the five classes of US Navy light cruisers that saw service during the Second World War, with sections on their design, weaponry, radar, combat experience. Nicely organised, with the wartime service records separated out from the main text, so that the design history of the light cruisers flows nicely. Interesting to see how new roles had to be found for them, after other technology replaced them as reconnaissance aircraft [read full review]
The Juneau-class cruisers were United States Navy light cruisers which were modified version of the Atlanta-class cruiser design. The ships had the same dual-purpose main armament as USS Oakland (CL-95) with a much heavier secondary antiaircraft battery, while the anti-submarine depth charge tracks and torpedo tubes were removed along with a redesigned superstructure to reduce weight and increase stability. Three ships were ordered and built, all completed shortly after World War II, but only Juneau (CL-119) remained active long enough to see action during the Korean War.
JUNEAU CLAA 119
This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.
- Juneau Class Light Cruiser
Keel Laid September 15 1944 - Launched July 15 1945
This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).
Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.
This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each incarnation of the ship (ie, for each entry in the "Ship Name and Designation History" section). Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.
A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.
This awesome tech lets US soldiers learn to fire a heavy machine gun before they ever set foot on a range
Posted On April 29, 2020 16:06:42
With modern technology, US soldiers can learn the essentials of operating everything from grenade launchers to .50-caliber machine guns before they ever set foot on a firing range.
Soldiers with the New Jersey National Guard’s D Company, 1-114th Infantry Regiment recently conducted virtual-reality training on a number heavy weapons at the Observer Coach/Trainer Operations Group Regional Battle Simulation Training Center at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst in New Jersey.
Capt. James Ruane, the company’s commander, explained the virtual-reality system to Insider, introducing how it works and how it helps the warfighter.
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New Jersey National Guard soldiers train with a heavy weapons simulator at the Observer Coach/Trainer Operations Group Regional Battle Simulation Training Center, Feb. 8, 2020.
This virtual-reality system, known as the Unstabilized Gunnery Trainer (UGT), gives users the ability to operate mounted M240B machine guns, Mk 19 grenade launchers, and .50-caliber machine guns — all heavy weapons — in a virtual world.
“When the gunner has the goggles on, he’s able to look around, and it is almost like he’s in an actual mission environment,” Ruane told Insider.
The virtual-reality system is designed to mimic a heavy weapon mounted on a vehicle. In the simulated training environment, users can engage dismounted and mounted targets, as well as moving vehicles and stationary targets.
“It’s the same type of targets they would engage on a live-fire range,” Ruane said.
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A New Jersey National Guard soldier on a heavy weapons simulator, February 8, 2020.
The “weapon” is designed to feel and function much like an actual machine gun or grenade launcher.
“When you pull the trigger and actually fire this thing, it moves,” the captain said. “It has the same recoil as a weapon system would. So it gives the gunner as real of an experience as you could have in a virtual environment.”
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A New Jersey National Guard soldier trains with a heavy weapons simulator, February 8, 2020.
To operate the gun, the user even has to load ammunition.
There are, however, limitations to the system that prevent it from being a perfect one-for-one training platform for the real deal.
For example, this virtual-reality training platform does not factor things like jams or barrel changes in, despite both issues being important parts of operating a heavy machine gun.
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New Jersey National Guard soldiers practice on a Virtual Convoy Operations Trainer, February 9, 2020.
In addition to the single gunner training system, there is also a convoy trainer for three vehicle crew members and a dismount.
“In this setup, you have a driver, you have a vehicle commander, and you have a gunner,” Ruane told Insider. “You also have the ability to have a dismount, and all members of that crew are plugged into the same virtual system.”
“They are all wearing the goggles,” Ruane added. “They all have weapons systems attached to the [VR] system, including a dismount who would have an attached M4.”
“They operate like a crew,” he said, telling Insider that while the training, usually carried out over the course of a weekend, is focused on taking troops through the gunnery tables, the simulator can also be used to train forces for convoy protection missions and other more complex mission sets.
The training normally involves two vehicle crews, but it could be connected to other systems for training with a platoon-sized element.
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A New Jersey National Guard soldier trains with a heavy weapons simulator, February 8, 2020.
The company commander said he has seen marked improvements in performance since the introduction of the virtual reality trainer a few years back.
“I’ve definitely seen a dramatic improvement over the last five years,” the captain said.
“In the beginning, crews would have to go two or three times through gunnery,” Ruane, who has been with his company for five years now, told Insider, explaining that soldiers would make “simple mistakes.”
“Now,” he said, “crews are able to get through their engagements and get qualified as a crew” with some of “the highest scores that we’ve seen in the scoring cycle over the last five years.”
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New Jersey National Guard soldiers train with a heavy weapons simulator, February 8, 2020.
Ruane says virtual reality has enhanced their training in a big way.
“A lot of people think, especially some old-school military people, think that the virtual-reality stuff takes away from the actual live-fire ranges, when in fact this is actually an enhancer,” he explained, adding that “when you get out to the live-fire ranges, it is going to be muscle memory at that point, and it’s going to go flawlessly.”
This article originally appeared on Business Insider. Follow @BusinessInsider on Twitter.
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Decommissioning and sale USS Juneau (CL-119)_section_4
After her return to the East Coast on 23 February 1955, she was placed in reserve at Philadelphia on 23 March 1955, and remained inactive until decommissioned on 23 July 1955. USS Juneau (CL-119)_sentence_24
The ship was then attached to the Philadelphia Group of the Atlantic Reserve Fleet until 1 November 1959, when she was struck from the Naval Vessel Register. USS Juneau (CL-119)_sentence_25
Juneau was sold for scrapping to the Union Minerals and Alloys Corporation, New York in 1962. USS Juneau (CL-119)_sentence_26
USN Ships--USS Juneau (CL-119) - ibibli
USS JUNEAU received four battle stars for her World War II service NAMESAKE - Named after the city of Juneau, Alaska Three ships of the US Navy have borne the name JUNEAU - USS Juneau CL-52, USS Juneau CL-119 and USS Juneau LPD-10 USS Denver (LPD-9), an Austin-class amphibious transport dock, is the third ship of United States Navy to bear this name. Denver's keel was laid 7 July 1964 at Lockheed Shipbuilding and Construction Company, Seattle, Washington. She was launched 23 January 1965, christened by Mrs. John A. Love, wif On 8 November, Juneau departed Nouméa, New Caledonia, as a unit of TF 67 under the command of Rear Admiral Richmond K. Turner to escort reinforcements to Guadalcanal. The force arrived there early morning on 12 November, and Juneau took up her station in the protective screen around the transports and cargo vessels. Unloading proceeded unmolested until 1405, when 30 Japanese planes attacked the alerted United States group. The AA fire was effective, and Juneau alone accounted for six enemy torpedo bombers shot down. The few remaining Japanese planes were, in turn, attacked by American fighters only one bomber escaped. Later in the day, an American attack group of cruisers and destroyers cleared Guadalcanal on reports that a large enemy surface force was headed for the island. At 0148 on 13 November, Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan's relatively small landing support group engaged the enemy.Β] The Japanese force consisted of two battleships, one light cruiser, and nine destroyers. USS Juneau (CL-119, later CLAA-119), 1946-1962. Views taken 1945-1951. IN5659 Product information Shipping Weight 1 pounds Manufacturer Vintage Reprints ASIN B00H07RESM Warranty & Support Product Warranty: For.
When the Korean War broke out in 1950, Diaz was still in the reserves, so he volunteered for active duty. He was sent overseas by ship. He was stationed aboard the light cruiser USS Juneau CL 119, and he said that he never left the ship during in the war. There were many Latinos on his ship, as well as a lot of non-Hispanic white men The USS Juneau rests a little over two and a half miles below the sea's surface. A new USS Juneau (CL-119), a modified Atlanta, served after World War II. A third USS Juneau (LPD 10) was an Austin-class amphibious transport dock that served until 2008 and is still being held in reserve Product Description. MilitaryBest is proud to offer this U.S. Navy Cruiser Ball Cap. This cap is available in a 5 panel high profile or 6 panel low profile styling and are fully customizable USS Juneau CL-119 can also build any Atlanta class AA cruiser The Scale Shipyard 1:96 WHU-C13A . 199x | New tool + Actions Stash . USS Atlanta CL-51 can build any Atlanta class AA cruiser The Scale Shipyard 1:96 WHU-C9 . 199x | New tool + Actions Stash. All related products in 1:96 ». McLean, VA - John J. O'Donnell, 90, the son of William J. O'Donnell and Marie C. Fleming, and his three sisters, were raised on a dairy farm near Salem, NY. John graduated high school from Salem Washington Academy in 1944, and served in the U.S. Navy aboard the USS Juneau, CL-119. He attended Champlain College in Plattsburgh, NY, and graduated from Rutgers University in 1952
Primary Unit 1948-1949, USS Juneau (CL-119) Service Years 1925 - 1954 Last Photo : Personal Details Home State. Virginia: Year of Birth 1903 : This Military Service Page was created/owned by the Site Administrator to remember Duvall, William Howard, RDML USN(Ret). Contact Info Home. Get Uss Juneau With Fast and Free Shipping on eBay. Looking For Uss Juneau? We Have Almost Everything on eBay
Most naval cover collectors are familiar with the thermographed covers with small photos produced by Walter Crosby. In fact these are covers that probably first attracted many to the hobby. Crosby produced covers between 1930 and 1947. While the thermograph/photo covers may be the best known Crosby covers, he also produced printed, printed/theromographed and even covers produced on photographic paper. These later covers were produced in partnership with Robert Beazell during the period between June 1931 and July 1932.
Crosby was USCS member #69 and retired from the US Navy. He sponsored as well as co-sponsored covers with other artists. He used artwork prepared by others but also acted as his own designer and probably did some of his own artwork. He sold a Crosby Cover album and covers can be found today with stickers on the reverse with the Crosby Cover Album logo.
The retired Chief passed away in September 1947. His wife continued the business for a short time but then sold the cover stock of Mindoro and Salem and a large portion of the printers cuts to William “Duke” Gmahle. Ray St. John also purchased some of the Crosby cover stock.
Gmahle, USCS member #2753, used the Crosby stock and printer cuts to produce his own designs by rearranging parts of different Crosby designs. Gmahle was the mail clerk aboard the USS Mindoro. He produced his covers between 1947 and 1957. Many of his covers are cancelled aboard the USS Mindoro or USS Salem.
So if it looks like a Crosby cover, when isn’t it a Crosby? Except for the covers Crosby’s wife produced, if dated after 1947, it is probably a Gmahle. But wait, what about this month’s cover? Is it really a Gmahle?
There was another collector who produced Crosby style cachets, Emil Bilka, USCS member #2670. Bilka too was USN, a Chief Bosun’s Mate aboard USS New Kent, USS Nobel and USS Mississippi. Bilka used standard Crosby printer cuts with changed ship names. It is not known if Bilka received his supply from Mrs. Crosby or from Gmahle. It is difficult to distinguish Bilka covers from Gmahle covers however Bilka coordinated the cachet color with the stamp color and often used a colored ink for the postmark that would match or contrast with the stamp. Bilka produced covers from 1947 until the early 1950’s.
The cover this month is a Bilka cover. The purple cachet, purple stamp, purple postmark and even purple Eater Seal match Bilka’s known style.
Just as many sellers mark obvious Gmahle covers as Crosby covers, this cover was marked as Gmahle and is very likely a Bilka cover.
The ship featured on this cover, USS Juneau, originally launched as CL-119, was redesignated as CLAA-119 in 1949. The Juneau class of cruiser was armed only with 5 inch and assorted antiaircraft weapons. Juneau participated in the Korean War and received 5 battle stars for service.
USS Juneau (CL-119) after launch, 15 July 1945 - History
000 1. 541'6" b. 63'2" dr. 16'4", s. 32 k. cpl. 623 a. 12 5", 2 3-pdrs., 24 40mm., 4 20mm cl. Juneau
The second Juneau (CL-119) was laid down by Federal Shipbuilding Co., Kearny, N.J., 15 September 1944 launched 15 July 1945 sponsored by Mrs. E. L. Bartlett and commissioned 15 February 1946, Captain Rufus E. Rose in command.
Juneau spent her flrst year of commissioned service in operations along the Atlantic seaboard and Caribbean. Prior to the Korean War, she deployed three times in the Mediterranean. The ship cleared New York 16 April 1947, and joined the 6th Fleet at Trieste 2 May where she aided in stabilizing the unresolved question of territorial ownership between Italy and Yugoslavia. During an extended tour of Greece, she provided ample warning to the communists that aggression would not go unchallenged. The ship returned to Norfolk 15 November for training, and was back on duty with the 6th Fleet from 14 June to 3 October 1948 and again from 3 May to 26 September 1949. As on her first cruise, she ranged the Mediterranean to assure Europeans and Africans of our intention to guard world peace and freedom.
Having been reclassifled CLS
119 on 18 March 1949, Juneau departed Norfolk 29 November for the Pacific. She arrived Bremerton, Wash., 15 January 1950 and took part in operations along the Pacific coast. On 22 April she became flagship for Rear Admiral J. M. Higgins, Commander CruDiv 5, and reported for duty in Yokosuka, Japan, 1 June where she began surveillance patrols in the Tsushima Straits. When the Korean War broke out on 25 June, Juneau was one of the few ships immediately available to Vice Admiral C. Turner Joy, Commander of Naval Forces, Far East. She patrolled south of the 38th parallel to prevent enemy landings, conducted the flrst shore bombardments 29 June at Bokoko Ko, destroyed enemy shore installations, engaged in the flrst naval action 2 July when she sank three enemy torpedo boats near Chumonehin Chan, and supported raiding parties along the coast. On 18 July Juneau'
force, which included British units, laid down a deadly barrage on enemy troop concentrations near Yongdok which slowed down the North Korean advance southward.
The ship departed Sasebo Harbor 28 July and made a sweep through Formosa Straits before reporting for duty with the 7th Fleet at Buckner Bay, Okinawa, 2 August. She became flagship of the Formosa Patrol Force 4 August remaining until 29 October when she joined the Fast Carrier Task Force operating off the east coast of Korea. The ship conducted daily plane guard for the attack carriers, and returned to Long Beach, Calif., 1 May 1951 for overhaul and a period of operations off the Pacific coast and in Hawaii. She returned to Yokosuka 19 April 1952 and conducted strikes along the Korean coast in coordination with carrier planes until returning to Long Beach 5 November.
How the CIA hijacked a Soviet spacecraft in 1959
Posted On April 21, 2021 18:58:41
With the Cold War raging and the Soviets securing victory after victory in the Space Race, America’s CIA wasn’t sitting on the sidelines. The Soviet Union’s space technology was beating America’s in just about every appreciable way, and America’s intelligence agencies were working overtime to monitor and decipher data spilling out of Soviet rockets as they poured into the sky. It was a time of uncertainty–and perhaps even a bit of desperation–for the burgeoning superpower that was America in the 1950s. So, when a Soviet Lunar satellite was sent out on a global tour to parade their successes before the world, it offered a unique opportunity for the CIA to hijack the satellite for a bit of research while it was still firmly planted on the ground.
From our vantage point in the 21st century, we have a habit of looking back on the Space Race as though America’s ultimate victory was a sure thing. After all, in the decades that followed World War II, America was uniquely positioned to help rebuild the Western world, gaining diplomatic, economic, and military leverage around the globe and rapidly ascending to the lofty position of the planet’s only remaining superpower by the close of the century.
But the truth is, to paraphrase famed Marine general James Mattis, America had no pre-ordained right to victory in the Cold War, and perhaps least of all in the Space Race that ran in parallel to the America-Soviet military arms race of the day. The Soviet Union didn’t just beat America and the rest of the world into orbit with Sputnik in 1957, they proceeded to pummel the United States’ space efforts without mercy for years to come.
This firebase was once the “evilest place in Afghanistan”
Posted On January 29, 2021 01:03:00
On a high plain in the Paktika province of Afghanistan, sits a remote outpost known to many simply as Firebase Shkin. In the early days of the War in Afghanistan, it was a hotspot of insurgent activity. According to Col. Rodney Davis, by 2003 Shkin was known as “the evilest place in Afghanistan.”
The firebase, looking like a cross between an old Wild West fort and the Alamo, sat right on the border in the middle of a major infiltration route for the Taliban from Pakistan. Contact was inevitable. Making matters more difficult was the ambiguous loyalty of the Pakistani Border Guards and armed forces in the area. The remote location meant that help was a long way off if things took a turn for the worse. Finally, the high elevation, 7,700 feet, meant every patrol was grueling.
Paktika Province in Afghanistan (Wikimedia Commons)
Patrols wound through wadis and mountain passes on dirt tracks with names like Route Saturn, Chevy, and Camaro. Friendly Afghan Militia Forces inhabited adjoining buildings and ran the dreaded South Camp – a captured insurgent’s worst nightmare.
The base had first housed Special Forces soldiers and Rangers before being handed over to conventional forces from the 82 nd Airborne Division, part of Task Force Panther, in 2002. The first casualty from the 82 nd in the War on Terror was incurred here on December 20, 2002 when Sgt. Checo, assigned to D Company, 2 nd Battalion 504 th Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR), was killed in action. The firebase was often unofficially referred to as Firebase Checo in his honor.
Task Force Panther was relieved by Task Force Devil in January 2003. The elements of Task Force Devil, particularly those operating out of Firebase Shkin, were essential in establishing the tactics and standards of conventional forces operating in low-intensity conflicts . This information would be used to great effect as the war in Afghanistan grew and more troops came into the country. For the soldiers of Task Force Devil—and those that followed—these were lessons learned the hard way.
Sergeant Ryan Creel (Combat Camera) films soldiers attached to 1-87th, 10th Mountain Divition searching the mountian side, just outside Shkin Firebase in Afghanistan. (US Army Photo by PFC Jory C. Randall)
In April 2003, a contingent centered on elements of B Company 3 rd Battalion 504 th PIR, supported by gun trucks from D Company as well as artillery and other support, took control of the firebase. Contact began almost immediately. On April 25, a quick reaction force from the firebase was ambushed by Al Qaeda fighters. Using a reverse-slope ambush, a technique taught to them during their war against Russia, the Anti-Coalition Militia (ACM) inflicted significant casualties on the firebase’s most recent inhabitants.
Two Americans were killed in the exchange and several others wounded, including the company commander, a platoon sergeant, and a forward observer. One of the soldiers killed was Jerod Dennis from B Company. The airfield at Orgun-e would later be named Dennis Army Airfield in his honor. The site of the battle, Losano Ridge, took its name from an Air Force Tactical Air Controller, Raymond Losano, who was also killed that day. However, the paratroopers gave better than they got sending the Al Qaeda fighters back across the border into Pakistan with heavy casualties.
The fight was further complicated by its proximity to the border and the fact that it happened in plain view of Pakistani outposts there. The response from the Pakistani side was to deliberately block and draw weapons on the American quick reaction force that was attempting to cut off the fleeing ACM fighters.
The soldiers of Firebase Shkin continued to engage the ACM and expand on their doctrine throughout the summer of 2003. As their commander, Capt. Dave Buffaloe, put it, “ I was given an opportunity that no other captain in the Army was given: to fight his own combined-arms, coalition, joint, multi-agency fight in his own Area of Operations.” Ambushes were frequent and the operations tempo was demanding, especially as there were only six dismounted infantry squads at the time.
U.S. Marine Sgt. Zachary Zobrist engages enemy during firefight in Afghanistan. (Photo by Staff Sgt. Ezekiel R. Kitandwe)
By the end of the summer, Task Force Devil began rotating out of the border firebases and handing over responsibility to the incoming 10 th Mountain Division task force. For the soldiers of 1 st Battalion 87 th Infantry that meant it was their turn at Firebase Shkin.
Though contact had tapered off towards the end of the paratroopers’ tour, the ACM came back hard to test the new unit in the area. On August 31, 2003 the task force lost its first soldiers of the tour in a large scale firefight with Anti-Coalition forces. In September Afghanistan’s most intense combat in 18 months claimed the life of another soldier, Evan O’Neill, in a firefight around Shkin. The attack was more sophisticated than earlier Al Qaeda attempts against the American soldiers. This attack involved mortar rounds and what seemed to be an attempt to down an American helicopter. The whole fight, once again, took place within view of the Pakistani Border Guards, who did nothing to aid America or its allies.
The soldiers from the 10 th Mountain Division would continue to battle against insurgents in the lonely reaches of Shkin, Afghanistan before they themselves were relieved. The tenacity of the American soldiers at Firebase Shkin would bring relative quiet to the area. Eventually Firebase Shkin would be overshadowed by places like the Korengal Valley and fighting such as the Battle of Wanat. But those who served there in the early days of the war will always remember the hell that was the evilest place in Afghanistan – Firebase Shkin.